Definition of Bullying:
Bullying is unwanted, aggressive behavior that involves a real or perceived power imbalance. The behavior is repeated, or has the potential to be repeated, over time. Both kids who are bullied and who bully others may have serious lasting problems.
Bullying includes actions such as making threats, spreading rumors, attacking someone physically or verbally, and excluding someone from a group on purpose.
It’s bullying if:
- The person is being hurt, harmed, or humiliated with words or behavior.
- The behavior is repeated, though it can be a single incident.
- It is being done intentionally.
- The person being hurt has a hard time defending themselves from the behavior.
- The student(s) who are doing it have more power (such as being older, being physically bigger or stronger, having more social status, or when a group of students “gang up” on someone.
Types of Bullying There are three types of bullying:
Verbal bullying is saying or writing mean things including:
- Inappropriate sexual comments
- Threatening to cause harm
Social bullying sometimes referred to as relational bullying, involves hurting someone’s reputation or relationships. Social bullying includes:
- Leaving someone out on purpose
- Telling other children not to be friends with someone
- Spreading rumors about someone
- Embarrassing someone in public
Physical bullying involves hurting a person’s body or possessions. Physical bullying includes:
- Taking or breaking someone’s things
- Making mean or rude hand gestures
Where and When Bullying Happens
Bullying can occur during or after school hours. While most reported bullying happens in the school classroom, a significant percentage also happens in places like on the playground or the bus. It can also happen travelling to or from school, in the youth’s neighborhood, or on the internet.
What Is Cyberbullying Cyberbullying is bullying that takes place over digital devices like cell phones, computers, and tablets. Cyberbullying can occur through SMS, Text, and apps, or online in social media, forums, or gaming where people can view, participate in, or share content. Cyberbullying includes sending, posting, or sharing negative, harmful, false, or mean content about someone else. It can include sharing personal or private information about someone else causing embarrassment or humiliation. Some cyberbullying crosses the line into unlawful or criminal behavior.
The most common places where cyberbullying occurs are:
- Social Media, such as Facebook, Instagram, Snapchat, and Tik Tok
- Text messaging and messaging apps on mobile or tablet devices
- Instant messaging, direct messaging, and online chatting over the internet
- Online forums, chat rooms, and message boards, such as Reddit
- Online gaming communities
With the prevalence of social media and digital forums, comments, photos, posts, and content shared by individuals can often be viewed by strangers as well as acquaintances. The content an individual shares online – both their personal content as well as any negative, mean, or hurtful content – creates a kind of permanent public record of their views, activities, and behavior. This public record can be thought of as an online reputation, which may be accessible to schools, employers, colleges, clubs, and others who may be researching an individual now or in the future. Cyberbullying can harm the online reputations of everyone involved – not just the person being bullied, but those doing the bullying or participating in it.
Cyberbullying has unique concerns in that it can be:
Persistent – Digital devices offer an ability to immediately and continuously communicate 24 hours a day, so it can be difficult for children experiencing cyberbullying to find relief.
Permanent – Most information communicated electronically is permanent and public, if not reported and removed. A negative online reputation, including for those who bully, can impact college admissions, employment, and other areas of life.
Hard to Notice – Because teachers and parents may not overhear or see cyberbullying taking place, it is harder to recognize.
PRJUSD School Rules Against Bullying:
- We will not bully others.
- We will help students who are bullied.
- We will include students who are left out.
- When we know somebody is being bullied, we will tell an adult at school and an adult at home.
How to Report Bullying:
- Follow the Parent Reporting Procedures - Bullying Behavior.
- Tell an adult at school and/or an adult at home.
- Call the school.
- E-mail the school principal.
- Complete the PRJUSD Bullying Prevention Contact Form.
- Contact WeTip Anonymous Crime Reporting at tips.wetip.com or call 1-855-86-BULLY.
Lozano Smith - Cyberbullying Discipline
Stomp Out Bullying - Help for kids and teens
Stop Bullying - Bullying Prevention Information
Teens Against Bullying - Information and resources for teens
Seth's Law (AB 9) - California Education Code Fact Sheet
Violence Prevention Works - Resources for bullying prevention and LGBTQ youth
Internet Safety for Kids - Cyberbullying and cyberharassment
Text Message Bullying - Information about text message bullying
Cyber Bullying: The complete Resource Guide - Guide to cyberbullying