Paso Robles Migrant Education Program
Paso Robles Migrant Education Department, Region XVIII
1802 Chestnut Street, PA
Paso Robles, CA 93446
Rosario Farias, Supervisor of Migrant Education Program
What is the Migrant Education Program?
Migrant Education is a national program that provides supplemental education and support services to eligible migrant children each year. These services help children of migrant workers overcome the disadvantages they face, one of which is disruption to their education due to mobility.
Who are Migrant Workers?
Migrant workers seek temporary or seasonal work in agriculture, fishing, or related industries, including food processing. They follow the growing seasons across the country and are largely responsible for the cultivation and harvesting of fruits, vegetables, and many other food products. Many migrant workers have an average income below the national poverty line. While many migrant families consider California to be their home base, many come from other states and countries.
Migrant children may come from large families with inadequate living space and low incomes. Poor nutrition, housing, and sanitary conditions may cause a high incidence of health problems.
Migrant children may have limited English skills and/or little experience with success at school. These problems, combined with irregular school attendance, often lead to overall frustration and low academic performance. This causes many migrant children to drop out of school in their teens.
Through the Migrant Education Program, these children can be provided with supplemental educational and support services to overcome their difficulties. Migrant children can close the achievement gap in education and develop skills and options for the future. In addition, the program provides opportunities for them to develop self-confidence and self-esteem.
What makes a child eligible?
To qualify for the Migrant Education Program, a migrant child must have moved within the past three years across state or school district boundaries with a migrant parent, guardian, or self to enable the child, the child's guardian, or a member of the child's immediate family to obtain temporary or seasonal employment in an agricultural, fishing, or food processing activity. The child may be any grade between preschool and the 12th grade and must not be older than twenty-two and not a high school graduate.
What kind of services are provided?
The Migrant staff at specific school sites work under the supervision of the classroom teacher to provide migrant children with supplemental instructional assistance and support. At the secondary level, certificated migrant personnel in conjunction with the counselors and teachers in providing academic support and career guidance. Out of school youth in the program also meet with an certificated advisor for assessment purposes and are guided in the areas that match their individual goals. Enrichment activities are provided at the regional level for particular groups of students. The school readiness, family liaison, and supervisor of the migrant program provide education and support services throughout the year. Classified para educator work with elementary students in their classroom setting at most elementary school sites.
In addition, while the primary focus of the migrant student is education, their health is also important because a child who does not feel well, does not do well in school. The Migrant Education staff at the district level is knowledgeable regarding services available in their area so when a family needs information and/or assistance in areas of vision, hearing, dental, housing, employment or clothing needs, they know where to guide the family.
How is the Migrant Education Program funded?
Funding comes from the Federal level and is allocated to regions within the state based on the states funding formula, which is largely based on the number of migrant individuals enrolled in the program. Regions allocate funds to school districts in the same manner. Other factors include number of students served in the summer. The services available, then are dependent upon the number of migrant individuals identified and may vary from year to year. How are parents involved?
State and Federal laws mandate that parents of children enrolled in the Migrant Education Program participate in the planning, monitoring, and evaluation of programs for migrant students. Parent Advisory Committees at the district (PAC) and regional (RAC) levels advise on issues pertaining to goals and the delivery of program services. Parents are invited and encouraged to participate in the education of their children by getting involved in school and community affairs and becoming knowledgeable of school operations and procedures. Regions and districts provide training and promote education to parents at their PAC and RAC meetings as well as for the State Parent Advisory Council (SPAC).