Seizures seen in epilepsy are caused by disturbances in the electrical activity of the brain. The seizures in epilepsy may be related to a brain injury or a family tendency, but most of the time the cause is unknown.
What should I do when someone has a seizure?
Always stay with the person until the seizure is over.
Pay attention to how long the seizure lasts.
Stay calm. Most seizures only last a few minutes.
Prevent injury by moving nearby objects out of the way.
Make the person as comfortable as possible.
Keep onlookers away.
Don’t hold the person down.
Don’t put anything in the person's mouth.
Don’t give water, pills or food by mouth unless the person is fully alert.
Make sure their breathing is okay.
Know when to call for emergency medical help.
Be sensitive and supportive, and ask others to do the same.